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[info_box_3 title=”ACNE”] Everyone’s acne must be treated individually [/info_box_3]

[blockquote]Choice of cosmetics and cleansers should be made with your dermatologist[/blockquote]

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The causes of acne are linked to the changes that take place as young people mature from childhood to adolescence (puberty). The hormones that cause physical maturation also cause the sebaceous (oil) glands of the skin to produce more sebum (oil). The hormones with the greatest effect on sebaceous glands are androgens (male hormones), which are present in females as well as males, but in higher amounts in males.

Usually, acne begins at puberty and is gone by the late 20s. In some cases, acne may persist into adulthood. Such types of acne include severe forms that affect the body as well as the face (which afflict males more than females) and acne associated with the menstrual cycle in women. In other cases, acne may not present itself until adulthood. Many people still believe that acne is caused by dirty skin. The truth is, washing alone will not clear up or prevent acne. Washing does, however, help remove excess surface oils and dead skin cells. Washing the skin twice a day gently with water and a mild soap is usually all that is required. However, acne is actually caused by a variety of biologic factors that are beyond the control of washing. For that reason, you should use appropriate acne treatments for the acne.

Stress is commonly blamed for the development of acne. Stress can have many physiologic effects on the body, including changes in hormones that may theoretically lead to acne, so stress can be related with excessive sebum production.

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Acne lesions should not be picked or squeezed by the patient. In particular, inflammatory acne lesions should never be squeezed. Squeezing forces infected material deeper into the skin, causing additional inflammation and possible scarring.

Everyone’s acne must be treated individually. Milder cases can be treated with a simple topical treatment, while more severe cases need systemic treatment (pills) or combination of topical and systemic treatment. When there is a hormonal problem it should be treated otherwise acne should not be treated efficiently. Some acne medications cause irritation or pronounced dryness particularly during the early weeks of therapy, so choice of cosmetics and cleansers should be made with your dermatologist.

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The results of treatment in Acne with treatment of KLOX photobionic system is impressive. Part of these was presented in the “9th World Congress of Cosmetic Dermatology” 27-30 June in Athens.
The treatment will be available soon in Greece in our private clinic before the end of 2013!

[/tab] [tab] [faq question=”What causes acne? ” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] The causes of acne are linked to the changes that take place as young people mature from childhood to adolescence (puberty). The hormones that cause physical maturation also cause the sebaceous (oil) glands of the skin to produce more sebum (oil). The hormones with the greatest effect on sebaceous glands are androgens (male hormones), which are present in females as well as males, but in higher amounts in males.

Sebaceous glands are found together with a hair shaft in a unit called a sebaceous follicle. During puberty, the cells of the skin that line the follicle begin to shed more rapidly. In people who develop acne, cells shed and stick together more so than in people who do not develop acne. When cells mix with the increased amount of sebum being produced, they can plug the opening of the follicle. Meanwhile, the sebaceous glands continue to produce sebum, and the follicle swells up with sebum. In addition, a normal skin bacteria called P. acnes, begins to multiply rapidly in the clogged hair follicle. In the process, these bacteria produce irritating substances that can cause inflammation. Sometimes, the wall of the follicle bursts, spreading inflammation to the surrounding skin. This is the process by which acne lesions, from blackheads to pimples to nodules, are formed. [/faq]

[faq question=”I wash my face several times a day. Why do I still get acne?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Many people still believe that acne is caused by dirty skin. The truth is, washing alone will not clear up or prevent acne. Washing does, however, help remove excess surface oils and dead skin cells. Washing the skin twice a day gently with water and a mild soap is usually all that is required. However, acne is actually caused by a variety of biologic factors that are beyond the control of washing. For that reason, you should use appropriate acne treatments for the acne. [/faq]

[faq question=”Does stress cause acne?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Stress is commonly blamed for the development of acne. Stress can have many physiologic effects on the body, including changes in hormones that may theoretically lead to acne, so stress can be related with excessive sebum profuction. On the other hand, If the acne is being treated effectively, stress is not likely to have much impact on the majority of people. [/faq]

[faq question=”I never had acne as a teenager. Why am I now getting acne as an adult?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Usually, acne begins at puberty and is gone by the late 20s. In some cases, acne may persist into adulthood. Such types of acne include severe forms that affect the body as well as the face (which afflict males more than females) and acne associated with the menstrual cycle in women. In other cases, acne may not present itself until adulthood.

There are several reasons for this. As females get older, the pattern of changes in hormones may itself change, disposing sebaceous glands to develop acne. Ovarian cysts and pregnancy may also cause hormonal changes that lead to acne. Some women get acne when they discontinue birth control pills that have been keeping acne at bay. Sometimes young women may wear cosmetics that are comedogenic-that is, they can set up conditions that cause comedones to form.

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[faq question=”What role does diet play in acne?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Acne is not caused by food. Following a strict diet will not, clear your skin. While some people feel that their acne is aggravated by certain foods, particularly chocolate, coca-cola, peanuts, shellfish and some fatty foods, there is no scientific evidence that suggests food causes or influences acne. Avoid any foods which seem to worsen your acne and, for your overall health, eat a balanced diet–but diet shouldn’t really matter if the acne is being appropriately treated. [/faq]

[faq question=”Does the sun help acne?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Many patients feel that sunlight improves their acne lesions and go to great lengths to find sources of ultraviolet light. There is no proven effect of sunlight on acne. In addition, ultraviolet light in sunlight increases the risk of skin cancer and early aging of the skin. It is, therefore, not a recommended technique of acne management, especially since there are many other proven forms of treatment for acne. Moreover, many acne treatments increase the skin’s sensitivity to ultraviolet light, making the risk of ultraviolet light exposure all the worse. [/faq]

[faq question=”What is the best way to treat acne?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Everyone’s acne must be treated individually. Milder cases can be treated with a simple topical treatment, while more severe cases need systemic treatment (pills) or combination of topical and systemic treatment. When there is an hormonal problem it should be treated otherwise acne should not be treated efficiently. [/faq]

 

[faq question=”What kind of cosmetics and cleansers can an acne patient use?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Look for “noncomedogenic” or “oil-free” cosmetics . These products have been formulated so that they will not cause acne. Some acne medications cause irritation or pronounced dryness particularly during the early weeks of therapy, and some cosmetics and cleansers can actually worsen this effect. The choice of cosmetics and cleansers should be made with your dermatologist.

Heavy foundation makeup should be avoided. Most acne patients should select powder blushes and eye shadow over cream products because they are less irritating and noncomedogenic. Camouflaging techniques can be used effectively by applying a green undercover cosmetic over red acne lesions to promote color blending. [/faq]

[faq question=”Is it harmful to squeeze my blemishes?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Yes. In general, acne lesions should not be picked or squeezed by the patient. In particular, inflammatory acne lesions should never be squeezed. Squeezing forces infected material deeper into the skin, causing additional inflammation and possible scarring. [/faq]

[faq question=” Can anything be done about scarring caused by acne?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] Scarring is best prevented by getting rid of the acne. Dermatologists can use various methods to improve the scarring caused by acne. Chemical peels may be used in some patients, while dermabrasion or Fractional CO2 laser abrasion may benefit others. It is important that the acne be well controlled before any procedure is used to alleviate scarring. [/faq]

[faq question=” How long before I see a visible result from using my acne medication?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] The time for improvement depends upon the product being used, but in almost all cases it is more a matter of weeks or months instead of days. Most dermatologists would recommend the use of a medication or combination of medications daily for 4 to 8 weeks before they would change the treatment. It is very important for patients to be aware of this time frame so they do not become discouraged and discontinue their medications. [/faq]

[faq question=”My face is clear! Can I stop taking my medication now?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] If your dermatologist says you can stop, then stop–but follow your dermatologist’s instructions. Many times patients will stop their medication suddenly only to have their acne flare up several weeks later. If you are using multiple products, it may be advisable to discontinue one medication at a time and judge results before discontinuing them all at once. [/faq]

[faq question=”I have trouble remembering to take my oral medication every day. What’s a good way to remember? What should I do if I forget a dose?” dropcap_question=”Q” dropcap_answer=”A”] This is a common problem. Many patients try to associate taking their medication with a routine daily event such as brushing teeth or applying makeup. It also helps to keep the medication close to the area where the reminder activity is carried out.

In most cases, if you miss a day of your oral treatment, do not double up the next day; rather, get back to your daily regimen as soon as possible. [/faq]

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