APPROVED MEDICINES FOR ANDROGENETIC ALOPECIA

There are drugs for hair loss in the form of androgenetic alopecia 2 approved by the US FDA (the Food and Drug Administration), minoxidil and finasteride

Η Minoxidil (topical vasodilator solution) exists in concentration 2% for use in women or 5% for use in men which has been shown in serious studies to satisfactorily inhibit hair loss in 60% of younger patients. It is commercially available in the form of a lotion or foam.

In the most difficult cases in men, the administration of finasteride, which blocks the action of testosterone in the hair follicles, often helps., while in women respectively the administration of cyproterone acetate, which respectively reduces the effect of testosterone on the hair follicles can have good results.

The classic treatments we have are:

  • Dietary supplements with vitamins-trace elements-minerals-amino acids: These offer the "building blocks" of keratin for quality hair strengthening (and nails). So, the hair acquires "volume" and is stronger, bright and healthy. The head that now has better quality hair looks fuller
  • Minoxidil lotion or foam: this drug locally inhibits an enzyme (5-α-reductase) at the root of the hair. This enzyme is responsible for converting testosterone into a more aggressive form, DHT (dihydrotestosterone) which "kills" the hair.
  • Finasteride pills: They do the same with the minoxidil lotion, but it is even more drastic because it is internal (systematic) treatment.

MEDICINES FOR ANDROGENETIC ALOPECIA but without official indication

Spironolactone

Aoriginally used as a diuretic. It is also a powerful antiandrogen that works in two ways. It first reduces the production of androgens and then blocks their action, preventing dihydrotestosterone from binding to the corresponding receptors.

Cimetidine (women)
It belongs to the antacid drugs. Its main action is to reduce the production of pepsin, thus allowing the ulcer to heal. It is also antiandrogen, as it can block dihydrotestosterone from binding to its receptors. Cimetidine is also used to treat excessive hair growth in women

Progesterone / Estrogen (women)
Although the use of progesterone pills is mainly used to treat menopause, however the use of estrogen and progesterone in cream form has shown very good results in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia.

Saw Palmetto (pill): Available in various packages (such as in combination with other herbal inhibitors). It is its inhibitor 5a-reductase

Tricomin (Men and women)
It is a lotion used topically. The purpose is to grow hair (Stimulating Regrowth). Makes use of copper peptides, to naturally stimulate the inactive follicles to re-enter the hair formation phase. It does not restrict DHT, while it does not use the philosophy of minoxidil to open potassium channels. It is used as an adjunct in any treatment against hair loss

Revivogen (Men and women)
It is a product that combines a large number of active ingredients that provide good hair growth and DHT inhibitors in one solution. Combines Azelaic Acid, Vitamin B6, Zinc, Saw Palmetto, GLA and ALA which have been shown to limit DHT.

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